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Hourly News 2010-07-21

时间:2010-07-22 11:20来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:

Afghan Plans Endorse to Take over Security by 2014
An international conference in Kabul has endorsed a plan for Afghan security forces to "lead and conduct military operations in all provinces by the end of 2014", allowing foreign troops to start pulling out.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai is under intense Western pressure to crack down on corruption, make better use of billions of dollars of aid money and quell a virulent Taliban insurgency.
Karzai was seeking to convince the international community he was capable of assuming responsibility for security and cleaning up government.
"I am committed to having the ability by 2014 to reach a level of strength and ability and capacity within our forces to provide for our own security, for the population, for the country, for the borders."
The conference urged Kabul to make reforms to strengthen public financial management and reduce corruption, saying at least 50 percent of development aid would be channeled into the government's budget within two years.


Afghanistan hopes to deepen cooperation with China: Karzai
Meanwhile, Afghan President Hamid Karzai has also met with Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi in Kabul, saying China is a good neighbor, friend and partner.
Karzai also said his country appreciates China's contribution to reconstruction in Afghanistan.
China has given more than 900 million Yuan-- or more than 123 million U.S. dollars--in aid to Afghanistan. 19.5 million U.S. dollars worth of debt owed by Afghanistan to China has also been cancelled.
Foreign Minister Yang Jeichi has been in Kabul for the international conference on Afghanistan's future, which has now concluded.


China dismisses IEA analysis of it being world's top energy user
China has dismissed a report which says it surpassed the United States last year to become the world's largest energy user.
The International Energy Agency contends China consumed about 0.4 percent more energy than the United States did.
However, Zhou Xian, a spokesperson for China's National Energy Administration, says the IEA's estimate is too high and unreliable. According to China's National Bureau of Statistics, China's energy consumption last year stood at the equivalent of 2.13 billion tonnes of oil, lower than that of the U.S.
"In the first half, investment in building coal-fire power plants accounted for 37.2 percent, 5.7 percent lower than last year. Meanwhile, investment in hydro and nuclear plants and wind turbines rose by 5.8 to 62.4 percent. Wind power capacity in the first half reached 237 gigawatts, up 89.4 percent."
Fatih Birol, a chief economist with International Energy Agency, say the US consumes five times more energy than China per capita.


Obama, British PM: Bomber release not BP's doing
British Prime Minister David Cameron has turned aside U.S. calls for an investigation into the release of the Lockerbie bomber by Scotland and said there is no indication that oil giant BP had swayed the controversial decision.
Both Cameron and President Barack Obama, meeting at the White House, condemned the release of Libyan bomber Abdel Baset al-Megrahi from a Scottish prison.
Cameron said the release was not the doing of the British government nor the result of any lobbying by BP to win oil concessions from Libya.
"The decision to release Megrahi though was a decision made by the Scottish government, and I haven't seen anything to suggest that the Scottish government were swayed in any way by BP. They were swayed by their considerations about the need to release him on compassionate grounds. Grounds that I think were completely wrong."
Cameron also said the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was "a catastrophe" for the region and that the recent temporary capping of the well by BP was "a step in the right direction."


US, SKorea to Hold Naval Drills at East Sea
U.S. and South Korea are to hold large-scale joint naval drills at the East Sea later this week.
South Korean Defense Minister Kim Tae-young said that their joint exercise will send a strong message of deterrence to North Korea.
"We will show off the strongest capabilities in the largest exercise among recent ones. The purpose of this drill is to confirm the strong will of the U.S.-South Korea alliance and to send a clear message of warning to North Korea who made provocative acts."
The announcement comes amid heightened tensions on the peninsula following the North's alleged sinking of the South Korean warship,The Cheonan. Pyongyang has denied responsibility.
The first leg of the exercises will be held in the seas east of the Korean peninsula. However drills in the West seas of the peninsula are planned in the future.

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